January 26 Saints of the Day – Xenophon of Constantinople and Paula of Rome
On this day in 1942, the first U.S. troops of WW2 landed in Northern Ireland. Meeting virtually no resistance, they captured over 20 miles of coastline before realizing their mistake.
The Orthodox today salute Xenophon of Constantinople (fl. 5th c.), his wife Maria, and their sons Arcadius and John (well, two of them had sensible names). Xenophon was a senator in the capital, and sent his sons off to the law school in Beirut. Tragically their ship foundered at sea, and they washed ashore miles apart. Each thought the other had perished, and each was nursed back to health in a handy monastery nearby. They settled in and became models of monastic piety.
Many years after the shipwreck, an itinerant monk looked up Xenophon and Maria (the phone book hadn’t been invented yet, so it took a while), and told them he had met a monk named Arcadius at the St. Savvas monastery in Jerusalem who seemed to have been the victim of a shipwreck. Could this be their son? (I’m sure you’ll agree that it’s a good thing he didn’t meet John — there were probably tons of Johns swimming to shore every other week back then. So you see, having a weird name can be a great advantage sometimes.) The couple were cautiously overjoyed, and caught the next container cargo trireme to Palestine. Fortunately shipbuilding had come a long way in that short time, and they made it safely.
At just that moment a sudden desire to visit the tomb of Christ filled all four family members, and they all headed in that direction. John met a nobleman, however, who thought he was Arcadius, and sent him to find Arcadius, whom another nobleman had mistaken for John’s twin sister — oh wait, that’s Shakespeare. Sorry. In our story they all met at the tomb of Christ in a soggy burst of tears and joy which, according to my sources, lasted many hours. Xenophon and Maria decided to give away all their possessions to the poor and become monastics themselves, and all four became saints, which is why I just wrote about them.
The Catholics today are venerating Paula of Rome (374-404), a rather pampered Roman noblewoman of a family that claimed to be descended from Agamemnon (a claim his real descendants denied, it must be said). She had a noble husband, five children, and enough eunuch slaves to carry her around the city on a litter. Suddenly, when she was 32, her husband died of unspecified causes. Paula’s children went through an amazing soap opera of marriages, deaths, apostasies and conversions, which I’m not going to go into except to say she married one of her daughters, who did not become a saint, to a senator who did. Trust me, though, the rest of the family’s story is just as uplifting.
My sources say she then fell under the “influence” of St. Marcella “and her group” — Marcella and the Semi-Monastics, I believe — through whom she met Jerome of Vulgate fame. She and her euphoniously-named daughter Eustochium went on to help him edit his famous Bible translation, having earlier learned Hebrew for something to do on those long Roman winter afternoons. Slanders arose that there was something going on between Jerome and Paula, which is uncharitably if obliquely alluded to in the Prologue of Chaucer’s Wife of Bath’s tale. (I’ll wait here while you English majors go look it up. Hint: the places mentioned are all places associated with St. Paula.) One of their contemporaries said Paula might have become an even greater saint if only Jerome had let her go to a monastery instead of keeping her around editing and copying manuscripts. And her name doesn’t even appear on the title page. Men.
However that is, between them they founded two monasteries and, unlike every other human being on the planet, underwent “constant annoyances” *. She died of natural causes and is buried in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, and is, naturally enough, the patron saint of widows.
January 26 (Wikipedia)
Sts Xenophon, Maria and sons John and Arkadios (Orthodox Christian Info)
Venerable Xenophon of Constantinople (Protoevangel)
Xenophon (Orthodox Wiki)
St. Maria of Constantinople, along with her husband and sons (Antiochian Archdiocese)
Saint Paula of Rome (SQPN)
St. Paula (Catholic Encyclopedia)
Saint Paula (Wikipedia)
Copyright © 2013 Alex Riggle. All Rights Reserved.
*according to the Catholic Encyclopedia.
Posted on January 26, 2013, in Church Calendar, Hagiography, Satire and tagged Agamemnon, Beirut, Bethlehem, Bible, Chaucer, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Church of the Nativity, Constantinople, English Majors, Eustochium, Hebrew, Jerome, Jerusalem, Lives of Saints, Marcella, Maria of Constantinople, Monasteries, Monasticism, Monks, Northern Ireland, Orthodox Church, Paula of Rome, Roman Catholic Church, Roman Senator, Saints, Saints' Lives, Shakespeare, Shipwrecks, Tomb of Christ, United States Army, Vulgate, Widows, Wife of Bath's Tale, World War Two, Xenophon, Xenophon of Constantinople. Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.