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October 15 Saints of the Day – Icon of the Theotokos Multiplier of Wheat and Teresa of Ávila

On this day in 1923, the NY Yankees won their first World Series, beating the NY Giants in game six. “Took you long enough,” said Boston.

Icon of the Theotokos, Multiplier of WheatThe Icon of the Theotokos, Multiplier of Wheat (ca. 1890) was commissioned by Ambrose of Optina as a gift for the Shamordino women’s monastery, which he had founded (GUM was out of chocolates). Elder Ambrose had a childlike faith in the Mother of God, and prayed to her often, both before this icon and after (see what I did there?). The icon shows Our Lady sitting enthroned on a cloud above a partly-harvested field of wheat (see thumbnail) (if you have the icon painted on your thumbnail; otherwise see jpg) (you can click on the jpg for a larger version).

Ambrose even wrote a new refrain for the Akathist especially for singing before this icon: “Rejoice, thou full of grace, the Lord is with thee! Grant also unto us unworthy ones the dew of your grace and show us your loving-kindness!” Which I’m sure you’ll agree is fitting, even if it doesn’t mention wheat. The good Father decreed that the icon should be celebrated on this day, and cannily fell asleep in the Lord on October 10 so he could be buried on the 15th. Asked to whom he was entrusting the convent (as he lay dying), he replied, “The Queen of Heaven” (that’s Mary, for catechumens and other noobs). The icon is credited with the abundant harvest of wheat in the monastery’s fields that year, when croplands were struggling elsewhere. A copy of the icon is credited with ending a drought the next summer in Voronezh.

Teresa of ÁvilaTeresa of Ávila (1515 – 1582) was one of those rare monastic saints who was born with the name she was sainted with, which means absolutely nothing but it’s interesting trivia. Her grandfather was a murrano, a converted Jew back when converting was a relatively neck-saving action. Only relatively, as he was Inquisitioned for (allegedly) reverting. Teresa’s father bought a knighthood (Sotheby’s made a killing in those days) (metaphorically speaking) and settled firmly into Christendom.

Teresa had a crippling illness as a child, which was healed when she prayed to St. Joseph. When she was seven Teresa and her brother ran away to seek martyrdom among the Moors, but their uncle spotted them and dragged them home. Teresa’s mother died when she (Teresa) was fourteen (or twelve), causing her to seek the protection of the Mother of God (which was good), read raunchy novels (which was less good), and obsess about her looks (which was bad).

At seventeen she ran away again, to join the Carmelites. Her uncle didn’t intervene, and her family eventually accepted her calling. She fell ill, and in her convalescence (she never got completely better) started reading a book on self-examination, concentration, and contemplation. She began to receive visions, culminating in mystical union with God. At some point her friends helpfully suggested her visions were of diabolical origin. Her confessor determined that her visions really were divine, and told her so, and that was that. She was visited by Our Lord in bodily (albeit invisible) form, and an angel drove a lance through her heart, which caused her immense pain that was also sweet. (Your intrepid blogger confesses total bewilderment at this.)

Teresa fought to reform the flabby practices of her abbey, eventually leaving to form her own when that didn’t work, and naming it after St. Joseph. The rule of utter poverty caused a scandal, and it was almost shut down, but Teresa prevailed (having the bishop and the pope on your side never hurts). Soon daughter houses were popping up like monasteries. There was a tussle with the older Carmelite houses, but that passed.

Teresa died right around midnight on the day Spain adopted the Gregorian calendar, so nobody knows if it was the 4th or 15th of October. She is best known for her work Interior Castle, which sets forth her experiences with and theology of interior prayer, her definition of which is used in the official Catechism: “A close personal sharing between friends.” She was the first woman to be named a Doctor of the Church.


Copyright © 2013 Alex Riggle. All Rights Reserved.


Bibliography
This Day in History for 15th October
ICONS OF THE MOST HOLY THEOTOKOS ‘Multiplier of Wheat’ (ROCA) – Main source
Icon of the Mother of God the Multiplier of Wheat (OCA)
Image of icon from OCA (copyright unknown).
Teresa of Ávila (Wikipedia) – Main source
Saint Teresa of Avila (SQPN)
Doctor of the Church (Wikipedia)
Image of Teresa from painting (ca. 1615) by Rubens from Wikimedia (public domain)

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About Your Intrepid Blogger

I live in the Tacoma area. When not writing things some people think are funny, I teach technology to 7th and 8th graders at a local middle school.

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