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November 18 Saints of the Day – Romanus and Barulus of Caesarea

On this day in 1307, William Tell shot an apple off his son’s head, with a mighty, “Hi ho, Silver!”

Romanus and BarulasRomanus and Barulus of Caesarea (or Antioch) (d. 303) were a deacon and a little kid, respectively. In February of 303, Galerius, soldier and future Emperor, set fire to the imperial palace, and blamed it on the Christians, for the sole purpose of rousing Diocletian to persecute them. It worked. In Caesarea of Palestine, churches were destroyed, martyrs were martyred, and life was otherwise generally unpleasant for the faithful. Romanus was shocked to learn that there were Christians sacrificing to idols out of fear of deathification. One source suggests (in the footnotes, but still) that they weren’t even commanded to; they just wanted to be seen doing it. So Romanus crisscrossed the city, exhorting the Christians to accept martyrdom rather than fall into idolatry. It worked. The Christians found their spines (they were in the sacristy, under the rubble).

Romanus was arrested, politely holding his hands behind his back so the soldiers could slap the cuffs — er, ropes — on. At Romanus’ trial in Antioch, the governor, Asclepiades, accused him of causing bloodshed by exhorting the Christians to remain Christians. Typical blame-the-victim steer manure. The gov condemned Romanus to death, whereupon our saint said, “Bring it.” They were about to tear into him with rakes when somebody remembered that he was of noble blood, so they whipped him instead. Romanus burst into song, explaining to all parties that it wasn’t his parents’ blood that made him noble, but the crown of martyrdom. “So don’t deprive me of my nobility, if nobility is your thing,” he sang. “Kill me and I’ll really be noble.” He went on for dozens of quatrains about the unworthiness of the so-called gods to be worshipped, and the worthiness of the one true God. “My God is red-hot; your gods ain’t doodly-squat” captures the general idea.

Finally Asclepiades had had enough, and, clearly not a Carly Simon fan, launched into a tirade about how the world had worsened since the good old days. He ordered Romanus to be really really tortured (no need to sully the saintly pages of the Onion Dome with gory details). After a bit of this, Romanus got an idea. “Tell you what,” he said, “to judge between my God and your gods, let’s ask some random seven-year-old kid which of us is right.” Asclepiades had the soldiers nab a boy from the audience — Barulus of course. Romanus asked him, “Hey kid, which one of us is right? Is there one God, as I believe, or a bunch of bickering little gods, as Asclepiades here asserts?” (Actually he was both wordier and insultinger, but time presses.)

“Duh,” answered Barulus, “Christ is the true God, since he is [and I quote my source directly here, as even I couldn’t do it justice with a paraphrase] one with the one only which belongs to the one. Heck, even kids know that.” “Who told you that?” Asclepiades cried. “My Mom,” said Barulus. So Ascy had Barulus’ mom brought forth. “Watch what I do to your kid,” the tyrant said. Sweet guy. Barulus was tormented nastily, until even the tormenters were weeping. After a good bit of this, Barulus asked, “Not to be a bother, but can I get a glass of water?” “Hang in there, son,” his mother said. “You’ll have the water of Paradise soon.”

Meanwhile Romanus excoriated the soldiers for their lack of manliness in torturing a mere child. “You shut up, or I’ll have your tongue cut out,” Asclepiades said. Romanus helpfully stuck out his tongue, to make it easier for the, um, surgeons. Even tongueless, he continued praising God and excoriating the governor, to the astonishment of all. Eventually Barulus received the martyr’s crown. Romanus was taken away to be burned, but a freak storm came up and put the fire out, so in the end he was strangled. This is the short version; Prudentius wrote 1,140 lines in unrhymed Latin quintains of about 25 words each.

Terribilis Deus de sanctuario. God is wonderful in his saints.

Copyright © 2013 Alex Riggle. All Rights Reserved.

This Day in History for 18th November
Prudentius (Internet Archive) – Main source
Eusebius: Church History (from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series 2, Volume 1) (book on paper)
Sts. Romanus (Catholic Encyclopedia)
Martyr Roman the Deacon of Caesarea (OCA)
Romanus of Caesarea (Wikipedia)
The Book of Psalms: Chapter 67 (LatinVulgate.com)
List of Roman emperors (Wikipedia)
Galerius (Wikipedia)
Painting of Romanus and Barulus by Franciso de Zurbarán (detail), 1638, in the Chicago Art Institute, from Wikimedia (public domain)


About Your Intrepid Blogger

I live in the Tacoma area. When not writing things some people think are funny, I teach technology to 7th and 8th graders at a local middle school.

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